27 January 2014
An analysis using the third wave of Understanding Society
Using data from the UK’s largest social survey, Understanding Society, new research reveals that people who are struggling to manage their finances in old age have eight times the odds of having reduced levels of mental wellbeing.
The new evidence is published today in a working paper published by the Personal Finance Research Centre (PFRC) at the University of Bristol and the International Longevity Centre UK (ILC-UK). The research has been produced as part of the ILC-UK and PFRC project on “financial wellbeing in older age” funded by the ESRC’s Secondary Data Analysis Initiative.
The new research reveals:
- Compared to those who are living comfortably, those who say they are just getting by have double the odds of reporting lower levels of mental wellbeing, after controlling for all other factors.
- However, this pales compared to those who are finding it very difficult to get by financially, who have almost eight times the odds of reporting reduced mental wellbeing compared to those who are living comfortably.
The research highlights a strong association between age and mental wellbeing:
- While more than one-in-five of those aged 50-54 show worryingly low levels of mental wellbeing, this drops to 15 per cent of those aged 80 and above. However, the age group displaying the highest levels of positive mental wellbeing are those aged 70-74.
- While just a quarter (26 per cent) of those aged between 50 and 54 feel that they are living comfortably, 40 per cent of those aged 80 and above report the same.
- Only one per cent of those aged 80 and above feel that they are finding things very difficult financially, compared to five per cent of those aged 50-54, and three per cent of all respondents.
After controlling for the other factors, the research finds:
- Older women are more likely to show signs of reduced mental wellbeing than men (odds of 1.5).
- Older people who are divorced or separated have 1.2 times the odds of displaying poor levels of mental wellbeing, compared to those who are married or in a civil partnership.
- Those who live in a property with a mortgage have 1.2 times the odds of reporting lower levels of mental wellbeing
- Older people who are unemployed have double the odds of reduced mental wellbeing, compared to those in full or part-time employment.
- Retired people have 1.4 times the odds of having reduced levels of mental wellbeing, while the long-term sick or disabled have almost five times the odds of poor mental wellbeing (odds of 4.7).
- People in rural areas have slightly lower odds of having reduced mental wellbeing than those in urban areas (odds of 0.9).
Other reports from the PFRC and ILC-UK partnership include: Demystifying non-mortgage borrowing in older age: a longitudinal approach, The mortgage debt of older households and the effect of age, Understanding the oldest old or you can read more information on the PFRC website.