From all of us at ILC-UK, thank you for all of your support over the past year.

Without the ongoing commitment of stakeholders from Government, business, academia and civil society we would be unable to conduct research, advise policy makers and inform the media about rapid population ageing and demographic change.

We are already planning a series of reports and events for 2018, and we look forward to contuining to work with you to ensure that the UK is ready for the future of ageing.

Thank you for attending the 2017 Future of Ageing Conference

Thank you to everyone who attended the 2017 Future of Ageing Conference.

Over 250 delegates joined more than 40 speakers and contributors for a day of debates in plenary sessions and discussions in break-out groups.

The #FutureofAgeing trended on Twitter twice throughout the course of the day, making it one of the top ten issues mentioned on Wednesday, 29th November. Presentation slides from those who delivered Powerpoint presentations on the day are now available on our website.

Recent ILC-UK Publication

Inequalities in later life

Commissioned by the Centre for Ageing Better, this scoping review provides an overview of the current literature on inequalities in later life.

Exploring retirement transitions

This research report from ILC-UK and the Uncertain Futures research consortium examines extended working lives, the life course and retirement transitions.

Working for everyone

This report by ILC-UK and the renEWL research consortium features research on how working conditions, health and caring responsiblities affect workforce participation.

Public Health in Europe During the Austerity Years

This major report, supported by Pfizer, explores the relationship between austerity policies and public health across Europe.

When I'm 64 - The ILC-UK factpack on retirement transitions

ILC-UK's 2017 factpack, supported by FirstPort, explores retirement transitions and compares the experiences of today's 64 year olds with earlier generations.

ILC-UK Events

Time to Innovate for Ageing - Launch Reception

Tuesday, 16th January 2018; 17:00 - 19:00
Innovation Warehouse, 1st Floor, 1E Poultry Avenue,
Clerkenwell, London EC1A 9PT

This reception will celebrate the launch of a new, year-long programme (Innovating for Ageing) which seeks to identify and support the creation of new products and services to help improve the lives of vulnerable consumers. The best innovations will be recognised later in 2018 at an ILC-UK Awards ceremony.

This event is currently fully booked, but is operating a waiting list.

Click here to register for the waiting list.

Commission on Dementia and Music: Evening reception report launch

Thursday, 18th January 2018; 18:30 (for 19:00) - 20:30; House of Lords, Palace of Westminster, London SW1A 0PW

In July 2017, ILC-UK launched the world's first high level Commission on Dementia and Music to investigate the current and potential role of music to help in the prevention, management, treatment and care of dementia.

This launch will see Parliamentarians, celebrities and people with dementia gather for the launch of the Commission's final report.

Attendance at this event is by invitation only.

Report launch, panel discussion and drinks reception on international perspectives for stimulating the UK Housing-with-Care sector

Tuesday, 30th January 2018, Central London

ILC-UK will be holding a report launch, panel discussion and drinks reception on international perspectives for simulating the UK Housing-with-Care sector, kindly supported by the Associated Retirement Community Operators (ARCO), on Tuesday 30th January 2018 in London.

During the event, those in attendance will hear from report author and ILC-UK Senior Research Fellow Dr Brian Beach, who will highlight a number of recommendations that could help development of this sector.

This event is currently an invitation only event. If you are interested in attending, please contact ILC-UK at

ILC-UK Blogs

Since our last update, ILC-UK has published a number of blogs from international contributors as part of our Future of Ageing series, as well as ILC-UK blogs on retirement housing and addressing language barriers in healthcare.

Liad Ortar, Head of the CSR wrote on 'CSR towards the elders: stop talking, start doing!' which examined the potential for corporate social responsibility initiatives to help better cater for older consumers. The Extend research consortium (University of Sheffield; Institute for Work and Technology; TU Dortmund University;University of Cologne) wrote on 'Social inequalities in extending working lives - The case of the health and care sector', which introduced their work in this area.

Astrid Davies, Director of Astrid Davies Consulting wrote about the need to up-skill and retain older workers to ensure sustainable workforces, and implicit ageism in her blog 'Teaching old dogs new tricks?'.

Lieutenant Mark Scoulding wrote about the Salvation Army's views, and their work on adult social care in 'Equal dignity for all? The future of adult social care'. Finally, Rochelle Amour, a consultant at Age Caribbean wrote on 'Can we automate care? Developing countries may not have a choice' featuring case studies from Trinidad and Tobago.

Beyond the Future of Ageing series, ILC-UK Director David Sinclair wrote about what older people actually want from retirement housing, and what needs to be done to make the sector more attractive, and Research and Policy Assistant Amna Riaz wrote on addressing language barriers in healthcare in the UK.

If you would like to contribute an article to our guest blog, please contact Dave Eaton at

Partners Programme

Membership of our Partners Programme is open to companies and not for profit organisations. Benefits of membership include: a discount on research, guaranteed spaces at events, your logo on 3 events and 3 reports per year, and advanced copies of ILC-UK research. We also provide information and advice consultancy services to our Partners and organise exclusive events.

Partners are exposed to the latest available research and data in the UK, EU and the rest of the world. Partners are helped to understand and plan for changing societal trends and given opportunities to participate in cutting-edge debates to help them remain ahead of policy curves.

The current ILC-UK Partners are: Anchor, Audley, Aviva, Centre for Ageing Better, Edinburgh Napier University, EY, FirstPort, Housing&Care 21, Hymans Robertson LLP, Legal & General, Newcastle University Institute for Ageing and Prudential.

For more information, see the Partners Programme brochure or contact David Sinclair,

Working with ILC-UK


Research and events produced by ILC-UK are made possible by funding from various sources. If you are interested in commissioning ILC-UK research or supporting an ILC-UK event, please contact David Sinclair,

If you would like to receive ILC-UK press releases, please email and we will add you to our press release list.

  • Innovative new programme revealed at ILC-UK’s flagship “Future of Ageing” conference London

Identifying solutions to the growing problem of vulnerability in later life is the aim of a new initiative launched at the Future of Ageing Conference this week.

The specialist financial services group Just, with the support of the International Longevity Centre (ILC-UK), is leading the programme which will bring together experts, innovators and groups who work to support vulnerable consumers to collaborate on future solutions.

Its objective is to identify and support the development of products and services that will address the challenges faced by ageing consumers at risk of vulnerability due to physical disability, illness, dementia or financial exclusion.

The launch responds to the increasing scrutiny by the Financial Conduct Authority of how financial services companies are addressing vulnerability. It has argued the market “is not serving many consumers in vulnerable circumstances consistently or well” and that “customers in vulnerable circumstances are being let down”.

Innovating for Ageing will be a solutions-based project aiming to deliver improvements to vulnerable customers’ experiences with the products and services they encounter when dealing with financial services, as well as businesses and organisations from outside of the financial services industry. Just and ILC-UK plans to:

  • Bring together innovators and designers with groups representing vulnerable consumers to promote better understanding of the issues;
  • Organise events including “innovation sprints” and awards to inspire and recognise collaboration and new thinking;
  • Identify and highlight key lessons and good practice;
  • Report back on public policy implications.

David Sinclair, Director of ILC-UK, said he was keen to talk to individuals and organisations keen to participate in the Innovating for Ageing initiative. He said:

“Our ageing society is a driver for increasing levels of vulnerability – more people with dementia, with sight and hearing loss, and multiple long-term health conditions, for example.

“This project aims to seek out technological and policy innovations and solutions, with an aim to removing barriers and ultimately rethinking the products and services that are available on the market.”

Stephen Lowe, Group Communications Director at Just, said that recent FCA reports suggest as many as half of UK consumers – more than 25 million people – currently show “one or more characteristics of potential vulnerability”, which indicates the scale of the challenge.

“The FCA is calling on industry to lead the way in delivering better products and services,” he said. “This project will be a rallying point for those seeking to respond to the challenges set by FCA and to address the issues vulnerable consumers face when interacting with businesses, whether from the financial services industry or other sectors.”

Innovating for Ageing also aims to respond to the vision set out in by the FCA in its recent Our Future Approach to Consumers mission document that called upon the financial services to better support vulnerable customers. It said it wants to see in all markets:

  • Consumers that are enabled to buy the products and services they need because the environment in which they are sold is clear, fair and not misleading with a good choice architecture;
  • High-quality, good value products and services that meet consumers’ needs;
  • Inclusion – where everyone is able to access the financial products they need and the needs of vulnerable consumers are taken into account;
  • Protection – consumers are appropriately protected from harm.


What is Innovating for Ageing?

Innovating for Ageing aims to identifying solutions to the growing problem of vulnerability in later life.

We will identify and support the development of products and services that address the challenges faced by ageing consumers at risk of vulnerability due to physical disability, illness, dementia or financial exclusion.

Why are we focussing on vulnerable older consumers?

The FCA defines a vulnerable consumer as “someone who, due to their personal circumstances, is especially susceptible to detriment, particularly when a firm is not acting with appropriate levels of care.”

There are growing numbers of older people who might be defined as vulnerable.

In an ageing society, more and more of us are likely to become vulnerable consumers, even if just temporarily. The likelihood for example, of physical disability, serious illnesses, digital exclusion and dementia increase with age. And as our society is ageing we are witnessing a higher proportion of our population in old age and a growing number of people reaching their 80th year and beyond.

And there is a need to better serve vulnerable consumers. The FCA has argued that the “financial services market is not serving many consumers in vulnerable circumstances consistently or well”. In fact, they go as far as saying that “customers in vulnerable circumstances are being let down by their financial service providers.

What will we be doing?

  • We will bring together key stakeholders at a launch reception at Innovation Warehouse on 16th January
  • We will organise an event to help technology companies, start-ups and innovators understand the needs of vulnerable consumers
  • We will organise a “Vulnerable Consumers Innovation Sprint” to inspire new ideas
  • We will organise an awards ceremony to promote and recognise the best ideas
  • We will produce a short report setting out lessons for policy makers

Why should you work with us?

Over the next six months Innovating for Ageing will seek out technological and policy solutions to the challenges faced by vulnerable consumers.

  • We will give visibility to your concerns about how to best support vulnerable consumers
  • We will seek out technological and policy solutions to the problems you identify
  • We will highlight the issues you raise with Government and regulators

How can you work with us?

  • Let us know what are the biggest challenges you think which are faced by vulnerable consumers
  • Agree to participate in the project
  • Help us promote the activities and the awards to the companies you work with
  • Suggest entrants or categories for the awards
  • Attend project events, including speaking opportunities
  • Participate in our vulnerable consumer workshop to highlight the needs of vulnerable consumers
  • Participate as a judge for the awards
  • Support the development of some of the solutions
  • Host an event as part of the project

Invitation to contribute

We want your input into the project. Please send us your response to the questions below via email (

Or complete the online survey at

Q1. What are the biggest challenges vulnerable older consumers face when trying to buy products and services?

Q2. What do you think are the most important challenges you or your organisation has when trying to support vulnerable consumers

Q3) What do you think is the biggest and most important challenge facing vulnerable older consumers and those who serve them?

For more information, to respond to the consultation and join our mailing list, contact us @
Twitter: @ageinnovations


Press Release

Think tank urges Government to ensure that more social care workers are protected against the flu

Responding to Simon Stevens’ call that NHS Trusts make an additional 3000 beds available to respond to what is expected to be a particularly pressurised winter flu season, the International Longevity Centre – UK (ILC-UK), is calling on the Government to work to ensure that more social care staff receive the winter flu jab.

Whilst the Government recommends that all adult social care workers receive the flu jab, they are not eligible to receive the vaccination on the NHS.

The flu epidemic in care homes in Wigan last winter, which lead to thirty cases of flu, eight deaths, and Wigan Infirmary and the North West Ambulance Service facing additional pressures, is a case study of the toll that low uptake of flu vaccination among care home staff can have on residents and the NHS.

David Sinclair, Director of the International Longevity Centre – UK said:

‘With Simon Stevens’ call for the NHS to ready itself for a particularly bad winter flu season, it is imperative that adult social care workers are immunised to prevent the vulnerable people they care for contracting influenza and becoming hospitalised.

Influenza is a serious illness which does kill.

We would urge all eligible older people to sign up for their free jab via their GP or pharmacy. For those not eligible for the free jab but who want to protect themselves against the flu, the vaccine is now widely available in pharmacies and supermarkets.


Contact Dave Eaton at for more information.


For more information about vaccination, visit


The International Longevity Centre – UK (ILC-UK) is a futures organisation focussed on some of the biggest challenges facing Government and society in the context of demographic change.

Much of our work is directed at the highest levels of Government and the civil service, both in London and Brussels. We have a reputation as a respected think tank which works, often with key partners, to inform important decision-making processes.

Our policy remit is broad, and covers everything from pensions and financial planning, to health and social care, housing design, and age discrimination. We work primarily with central government, but also actively build relationships with local government, the private sector and relevant professional and academic associations.


This year's Future of Ageing Conference will play host to 10 different panel debates covering everything from automating care, ageism, innovation in housing and the end of life.

Eventbrite - The Future of Ageing Conference 2017:  Transforming Tomorrow Today

Confirmed workshops and confirmed speakers include:

Opening Keynote: Dr Pol Vandenbroucke, Vice President Medical Strategy, Pfizer

How can we maximise the economic contribution of older people?

  • Diane Kenwood, Editor, Woman's Weekly and ILC-UK Trustee
  • John McTernan, Senior Vice President, PSB and Former Political Secretary to Prime Minister Tony Blair
  • Jane Ashcroft CBE, Chief Executive, Anchor
  • Professor Debora Price, President, British Society of Gerontology and Director, MICRA
  • Professor Andrew Scott, Professor of Economics, London Business School

Is the Future less or more ageist?

  • Sam Smethers, Chief Executive, Fawcett Society
  • Rt Hon Dame Margaret Hodge MP, Member of Parliament for Barking, discussing 'How to stop wasting women's talents: overcoming our fixation with youth'
  • Yasmin Boudiaf, Virtual Reality Expert, discussing 'Can we use Virtual Reality to tackle ageism?'
  • Tessa Harding, Ex-NCVO and Help the Aged

Can technology drive innovation in pensions, health and care?

  • Alison Martin, Global Head of Life and Health, Swiss Re
  • Other speakers to be confirmed

Is antimicrobial resistance a threat to longevity - and what can we do about it? 

  • Mark Chataway, Managing Director, Hyderus
  • Professor Anthony Scott, Director, The Vaccine Centre, LSHTM
  • Professor Alan Johnson, Head of AMR, Public Health England's Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance and Control

How can we save the NHS?

  • Rt Hon Stephen Dorrell, Chair, NHS Confederation and former Health Secretary
  • Dr David Oliver, Clinical Vice President, Royal College of Physicians
  • Baroness Sally Greengross OBE, Chief Executive, International Longevity Centre - UK
  • Pamela Spence, Partner, Global Life Sciences Industry Leader, EY

More inequalities in a world of austerity? 

  • Anna Dixon, Chief Executive, Centre for Ageing Better
  • Inequalities in Life Expectancy: Andrew Gaches, Head of Longevity, Life and Financial Services, Hymans Robertson
  • Inequalities in Old Age: Professor Thomas Scharf, Professor of Social Gerontology, Newcastle University
  • Austerity and Health Across Europe: Ben Franklin, Head of Economics of Ageing, International Longevity Centre - UK

Filling the skills gap: Migration, more older workers, or both?

  • Yvonne Sonsino, Partner and Innovation Leader, Mercer and Co-Chair DWP Fuller Working Lives Business Strategy Group
  • Professor Jonathan Portes, Professor of Economics and Public Policy, King's College London
  • Dean Hochlaf, Assistant Economist, International Longevity Centre - UK

Can we automate care?

  • George Holley-Moore, Research and Policy Manager, International Longevity Centre - UK
  • Eric Kihlstrom, Co-Founder, KareInn
  • Pamela Spence, Partner, Global Life Sciences Industry Leader, EY

How can the housing industry innovate for tomorrow's older consumers?

  • Baroness Sally Greengross OBE, Chief Executive, International Longevity Centre - UK
  • Nigel Howell, Chief Executive, FirstPort
  • Gary Day, Land and Planning Director, McCarthy and Stone
  • Lord Best, Co-Chair, All Party Parliamentary Group on Housing and Care for Older People

The future of the end: Living forever or dying in style?

  • Baroness Sally Greengross OBE, Chief Executive, International Longevity Centre - UK
  • Professor Douglas Davies FBA, Professor of the Study of Religion, Durham University, and Director of the Centre for Death and Life Studies
  • Louise Winter, Founder, Poetic Endings
  • Dave Eaton, Policy and Public Affairs Manager, International Longevity Centre - UK

Closing Keynote: Professor Andrew Scott, Professor of Economics, London Business School and author of 'The 100 year life'.

Eventbrite - The Future of Ageing Conference 2017:  Transforming Tomorrow Today

There will also be a number of keynote presentations, and an open slot to allow one delegate to present their idea to help society prepare for the future of ageing.

Join us at #FutureofAgeing
For more information click here:

Future of Ageing 2017: Sponsored by:

Supported by:

The Rt Hon. Stephen Dorrell, Chair of the NHS Confederation and former Secretary of State for Health and former Chair of the Health Select Committee, and Dwayne Johnson, Director of Adult Social Care, Sefton Metropolitan Borough Council have agreed to join our fantastic list of speakers at the Future of Ageing conference.

Dr Margaret McCartney, GP, author and regular contributor on Radio 4’s Inside Health, will also present at the conference. Dr Islene Araujo de Carvalho of the Department of Ageing and Life Course at the World Health Organisation will also focus on health and care issues, taking a more global perspective.

Conference attendees will also hear from:

  • John Cridland CBE, Head of the Independent State Pension Age Review
  • John Pullinger CB, National Statistician, UK Statistics Authority
  • Professor Sarah Harper, Director, Oxford Institute of Population Ageing
  • Linda Woodall, Director of Life Insurance and Financial Advice, and sponsor of the Ageing Population project, Financial Conduct Authority
  • Jonathan Stevens, Senior Vice President, Thought Leadership, AARP
  • David Sinclair, Director, International Longevity Centre - UK
  • The Rt Hon. the Lord Carey of Clifton, Archbishop of Canterbury 1991-2001

Join as at the Future of Ageing Conference on Wednesday, 9th November. Our Earlybird prices must end on 31st August, so sign up now to take advantage of this special discounted rate.


  • The UK is home to some of the world’s leading innovation in healthcare but we can learn from successes in USA, India, Australia, Africa and Europe
  • ILC-UK urge health leaders to work to ensure that the £22bn savings being asked of the NHS act to stimulate not prevent innovation

The NHS should be supported to continue to invest in innovation in order to save more money in the long-term argues a major new report ‘Creating a sustainable 21st century healthcare system’ by the International Longevity Centre – UK (ILC-UK).

‘Creating a sustainable 21st century healthcare system’, sponsored by EY, is the first report in ILC-UK’s SOS 2020 Health series. It highlights how a ‘perfect storm’ of demographic and wider economic and social trends are converging to push up the cost of healthcare across the globe. The report showcases examples of innovation from across the world which could save lives and money if introduced more widely.

The UK’s healthcare system provides a third of the exemplary case studies showcased in the report, but the report suggests that more work needs to be done to share and spread innovation in the UK, and that there’s much to learn from other leading markets such as India, Australia, Europe and the US.

The report points out that the 15 million people who have a long term health condition account for 70% of the total health and care spend in England. Yet across Europe, on average only 3% of healthcare expenditure is allocated to prevention and public health programmes.

The NHS is committed to achieving £22bn efficiency savings through productivity gains of 2% or 3% a year between now and 2020. The ILC-UK research has shown this target will be very challenging without real innovation. The OBR highlight productivity in the health sector only rose by around 1% per annum on average between 1979 and 2010.
The report suggests that a concerted focus on innovation and prevention - developing more empowered health consumers, whilst also maximising the potential of big data - would help to deliver significant savings in the long-term.
Phase two of the report, due out in 2016, will model the impact of applying the leading global innovations showcased in the first report to new markets to highlight the potential global savings of sharing innovation.

Baroness Sally Greengross, ILC-UK Chief Executive said “Whilst innovation can save money in the long term, it requires up-front investment. And the nature of introducing new or dual systems can mean that for the first few years costs go up and services don’t improve.
The picture is not as bleak as it may sound however. Advances in health technology have the potential to significantly influence patient’s access to health care and the way that health care is delivered. Big data can revolutionise the way services are focussed on the individual.

But for us to maximise the potential we have to create a climate for innovation in the health service. We might also accept that if we are to innovate to reduce costs and improve services over the long term, public and private investment is vital. Government must ensure that the £22bn savings being asked of the NHS act to stimulate not prevent innovation.”

Shaun Crawford, EY Global Insurance Sector Leader said  “‘The report  has sourced a bank of robust innovative global case studies that demonstrate the potential to deliver better health outcomes and reduce costs across the world at a time of growing pressure on our health care systems. Empowering consumers and harnessing big data will be crucial to delivering long-term savings for the sector.”

Global health innovations

  • The ‘Stay on Your Feet’ programme in Australia is preventing falls among older people by targeting their knowledge, attitudes and behaviours, resulting in a 22% lower incidence of self-reported falls and a 20% decrease in fall-related hospitalisations.
  • Canterbury District in New Zealand has developed a vision of ‘one system, one budget’, bringing in experts to support clinicians to redesign care pathways and workflow. The result has been reduced admissions across acute care, as well as a 20% drop in nursing homes admissions.
  • Healthcare providers in South Central Pennsylvania  used ‘big data’ to identify ‘superutilisers’, then developed a coordinated care service for these people, resulting in inpatient admissions dropping by 34% after enrolment in the programme, equating to savings of $1,242,000 for 138 patients in 12 months.

Growing divorce rates in old age could contribute to increasing isolation and a greater need for formal care, argues the International Longevity Centre – UK (ILC-UK).  In a new report, the think tank also warns of the potentially negative health and money repercussions of this trend.

In a new report “the rise and rise of the silver separator”, ILC-UK find:

  • From 1990 to 2012, the number of men and women experiencing divorce aged 60 or above has risen by over 85% and the rate continues to rise;
  • Based on current marriage and divorce rates by age, the total number of people over the age of 60 experiencing divorce will increase from 15,700 in 2012, to over 22,000 by 2037 – a 41% rise;
  • By 2037, almost 1 in every 10 people experiencing divorce will be aged over 60.

“The rise and rise of the silver separator”, has been published today as part of the ILC-UK Population Patterns Seminar Series, with the support of Partnership.

This new analysis suggests that while divorce rates amongst the total population has been declining, it has been increasing among older people. Since 1982, the divorce rate amongst men aged over 60 has risen by 0.6 per 1000 marriages while it has fallen by over 1 per 1000 marriages across the total male married population. Divorce rates for men in their middle to to late 50s has also risen over this time – increasing by more than 3 per 1000 marriages since 1982.

Population change as well as increasing divorce rates has contributed to the rise in divorce and in the report, ILC-UK set out the main driving factors in increasing divorce rates among older people:

  • With people marrying later in life, they are more exposed to the risk of divorce at older ages because their marriage is still relatively fresh.
  • Rising employment amongst women equates to more financial independence as women do not have to rely on their spouse to provide income through work.
  • Given that there is a small chance of divorce during each year of marriage, with people living longer, more marriages are likely to end in divorce and less likely to end in the death of a spouse.
  • Changes in social attitudes towards divorce

Speaking at the launch of the research, Ben Franklin of ILC-UK said:
“A growing number of older people experiencing divorce presents significant challenges at an individual and societal level. Increasing divorce rates and numbers might result in greater isolation, illness and a need for more formal care. Individuals don’t expect to divorce so when it happens, many find themselves in very difficult financial circumstances. At any age it is vital that individuals seek out relationship support. The rising number of divorces amongst the over 60s is something that policymakers, charities and services providers should factor-in when considering the potential vulnerabilities facing older people.”

Richard Willets, Director of Longevity, Partnership added
“While divorce at any age is likely to be a painful experience, the older you are the more likely it is to have a negative impact on your health, wealth and general well-being.  As separation is generally not something that people plan for, they are likely to need the support of their family and friends as well as potentially need more state assistance.  Divorce in later life is therefore something that needs to be more fully understood and factored into Government planning going forward.”

The report was debated at an event in the House of Lords on 18th November 2014.


A new business “Age Audit”, published today, includes an 8-point action plan to support companies who want to respond to the challenges and opportunities of ageing.

The Age Audit has been published by the International Longevity Centre-UK (ILC-UK), the leading think tank on longevity and demographic change as part of the ICAEW BusinessFutures project.

The Age Audit points out that unless businesses respond to ageing, UK plc faces significant fiscal and economic challenges. If the over 65s are unable to find employment, those who are in work will account for a diminishing proportion of the population. Tax revenue from those in work may fail to keep up with demand for social security from an increasingly large proportion of people aged over 65 and out of work.  Demographic change may mean that future economic growth may be dependent on either substantially increasing the productivity of those in work or the numbers of people over 65 in work rises.

The Age Audit reveals that:

  • The over 65s in the UK currently spend around £2.2 billion per week (£114 billion per annum) on goods and services. Assuming their weekly spending rises in line with annual inflation of 2%, they are likely to be spending over £6 billion per week (£312 billion per annum) by 2037 
  • From now until 2037, the 15-64 age group in the UK will, on average, grow by just 29,000 per annum. By contrast, the number of people aged 65 and over will rise by 278,000 on average each year.
  • Across more economically developed countries, the proportion aged 65 and over will rise from 16% to 26% and the proportion over 80 will rise from 4.3% to 10%.

ILC-UK argue that if businesses make the right decisions to support increasing flexibility in the workplace, to raise the health and wellbeing of the workforce, to counteract ageism and to embrace continuous learning, the concept of retirement as we think of it today will no longer have any use.

Launching the Age Audit, ILC-UK Chief Executive, Baroness Sally Greengross said: "Ageing poses both an opportunity and a threat to businesses around the world. With growth in the number of people aged 15-64 likely to slow over the coming decades, businesses will be forced to put emphasis on recruiting older talent and ensuring lower levels of “brain drain” from their organisations.

At the same time, consumption of goods and services by the over 65s is likely to grow at a faster rate than any other demographic group necessitating innovations in design and marketing to tap into the “grey pound”.

Businesses that anticipate and plan for these winds of change will be best prepared to flourish, while those that fail to prepare could struggle to survive and grow."

Charles Carter, ICAEW Director of Regions, added: “If businesses focus exclusively on the under 65s, they will be missing out on a vast and growing talent pool. Indeed, just to fill the likely number of vacancies over the next decade will make the employment of older people a necessity rather than a luxury.”

How businesses can respond to ageing: introducing the eight-point action plan

1.               Think strategically about ageing

2.               Deliver flexible working

3.               Become age neutral

4.              Support those with disabilities as well as the wider health and wellbeing of the  workforce 

5.               Embrace continuous learning 

6.               Support intergenerational fairness

7.               Help people afford a good retirement

8.               Tap into the “grey pound”


Report urges greater role for pharmacy in adult immunisation; the introduction of adult vaccination record card; and a review of whether the approach to vaccination of social care workers is adequate.

A new report, Immune Response, by the leading think tank on longevity and demographic change, the International Longevity Centre – UK (ILC-UK), sets out proposals for the UK to become a world leader in terms of the vaccination of older people.

Immune Response argues that whilst prevention is better than a cure, vaccination remains an underused public health strategy for adults in the UK and across Europe. According to the WHO, immunisation prevents between 2-3 million deaths a year across all age groups.

ILC-UK argue that the growth of antibiotic resistance, the challenges of immunosenescence and the context of migration mean that we need to put greater focus on improving adult vaccination in the UK.

The report highlights new evidence, published by SAATI last week in Brussels, which found cost effectiveness evidence for vaccination of older people in relation to herpes zoster, influenza, Invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia. The SAATI report presented a framework to evaluate investments in health from a government perspective that revealed that every €1 invested in adult vaccination commencing at the age of 50 years would yield €4.02 of future economic revenue for government over the lifetime of the cohort (Netherlands case study).

The SAATI report also highlighted the ongoing impact of vaccine preventable diseases on health in the UK.

  • Seasonal influenza: The UK reported a 2010-11 winter period more severe in terms of pressure on hospitals than during the 2009-10 pandemic winter. In 2012-13, excess death rates were the highest since 2008-09, with peaks coinciding with influenza circulation (Public Health England).
  • Pneumonia: UK and Slovakia have the highest reported mortality rates in Europe (25 per 100 000 population cases in 2005 and 2009).
  • Invasive pneumococcal disease: In 2005, the UK, as well as Belgium, Ireland and Sweden, reported rates of confirmed cases which approach or are greater than 10 per 100 000.

Among the thirty plus recommendations set out in Immune Response, ILC-UK call for:

  • The piloting of a voucher scheme for those eligible for the seasonal flu vaccine. These vouchers could be used not just in GP surgeries but also in registered high street pharmacies.
  • Public Health England and the Department of Health should review whether the current approach to the vaccination of social care workforce in England is appropriate.
  • The QOF to include an annual check on the immunisation status of all GP registered patients.
  • Healthcare professionals undertaking health check-ups of older people to check whether their patients are up to date with their vaccines.

ILC-UK set out a number of proposals to support the creation of a better informed and engaged health consumer. They propose:

  • The introduction of an adult vaccination record card which could be carried throughout a lifetime.
  • A simplified adult vaccination checklist for the over 18s.
  • Encouraging people to incorporate a record of their immunisation history to be carried with their passport.
  • GPs to be permitted to privately prescribe approved vaccinations (in addition to travel vaccines) to adults on their books.

ILC-UK also call upon the Prime Minister’s Behavioural insight Unit (“Nudge Unit”) to explore the potential to use behavioural economics to improve take-up of vaccinations amongst adults. ILC-UK propose the team consider: 

  • The use of ‘declination forms’ by health services and employers could encourage employees to think twice about turning down vaccination.
  • How to play on the strong sense of civic duty which might encourage vaccination to protect others, particularly if advised to do so by their physicians.
  • Creating a social norm of adult vaccination (beyond flu) through an investment in communications.
  • How to make vaccination an “easy” default choice?

Baroness Sally Greengross, Chief Executive of ILC-UK said:
"Innovations in public health over the past two hundred years have transformed life expectancy in the UK and we are living longer than ever before. Over recent decades, policymakers have begun to use vaccination to support good health later in life.

"So we start from a very positive place. But now is not the time to get complacent.  The growth of antibiotic resistance, the challenges of immunosenescence and the context of migration mean that we need to put greater focus on improving uptake of adult vaccinations in the UK."

David Sinclair, Assistant Director, Policy and Communications at ILC-UK added:
“The UK takes a world leading approach to childhood immunisation. With an ageing society we must focus more on prevention of ill health and the vaccination of older people has to play an important role. We must improve the levels of vaccination amongst NHS staff whilst also ensuring that employees from the independent social care sector access the vaccinations they need. We must also make vaccination more accessible. An enhanced role for pharmacies could help achieve this. We need an informed consumer who knows what vaccinations they need across their life. An adult vaccination record card for all is vital."

Dr Peter Carter, Chief Executive & General Secretary of the RCN said:
“Nurses are ideally placed to lead the move towards improved adult vaccination in the UK, and checking that patients are up to date with their vaccinations should be part of all routine health check ups.

“Nursing staff are often the first or only point of contact people have with the health service, which means they have the opportunity to talk with patients about all aspects of their health, and encourage a healthier lifestyle. This should also include checking patients are up to date with routine immunisations, which is fundamental to public health.”

Professor David Taylor, Professor of Pharmaceutical and Public Health Policy, The UCL School of Pharmacy:
"Extending access to vaccination amongst older people has a significant potential for improving public health in the UK and Europe more broadly. The International Longevity Centre’s new report highlights the fact that although the UK’s record is already relatively good we could do more to optimise immunisation rates throughout our life courses. Greater community pharmacy involvement in the delivery of seasonal influenza vaccination for older people could generate increased health gains. So could enhanced protection against shingles in older people and better use of vaccines to guard against the long term consequences of conditions such as hepatitis, meningitis and HPV infection in younger men and women."

The new ILC-UK Report, Immune Response, will be available at  on Tuesday 19th November.

Immune Response has been funded through an unrestricted educational grant from Pfizer International Operations.

Immune Response is being launched at an event hosted by the 19th November 2013, 10:00 (10.30) - 12.30 (followed by a light lunch), Royal College of Nursing, 20 Cavendish Square, London, W1G 0RN

The SAATI report, Adult vaccination: a key component of healthy ageing, was published on 13th November at

ILC-UK are a founding and leading member of SAATI SAATI (Supporting Active Ageing Through Immunisation) is a voluntary pan-European partnership of individuals who have an interest in improving the health of citizens as they grow older, and reducing the incidence of illness through effective immunisation. The partners include representatives from different perspectives, including clinicians, health promotion experts, advocacy groups, nurses, industry, think tanks and healthy ageing specialists. The group has come together with a commitment to tackle low public awareness of the risk and burden of vaccine-preventable diseases.

SAATI aims to: Increase public and policy maker awareness of the need for adult vaccinations to combat vaccine-preventable diseases, such as flu, pneumonia, herpes zoster, invasive pneumococcal disease, pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus

The SAATI partnership produced a consensus statement as a result of a European stakeholder meeting on the “Value of and Barriers to Adult Vaccination” organised and funded by Pfizer. The SAATI Consensus Statement is available at:

In November 2013, SAATI published Adult vaccination: a key component of healthy ageing. Benefits of life-course immunisation in Europe. The report is available on the ILC-UK website at

Skilling up the older workforce, supporting more older women in work and improving health have been highlighted as key priorities for European Governments who want higher levels of participation of older workers.

A new International Longevity Centre –UK (ILC-UK) report, Working Longer: An EU perspective, supported by Prudential, explores how the EU and its 28 members have responded to the working longer agenda.

The report argues that older people have not been exempt from the impact of the recession and that Governments should put extra resource into tackling ageism and creating the right sort of jobs for an older workforce.

The report was launched at a debate in London where Pensions Minister, Steve Webb MP presented the UK Government’s plans for maximising the potential of older workers.

The report highlights that:

  • Europe faces significant skills gaps due to demographic change. In the UK alone there are 13.5 million job vacancies, which need to be filled over the next ten years, but only seven million young people are projected to leave school and college over that time.
  • EU Membership has gone alongside growth in participation of older workers. New Member States have seen the biggest growth in participation of older workers over the past decade.
  • Across Europe, incentives to retire early have gradually been removed, whilst state pension ages have begun to increase. But some incentives for early retirement remain across EU Member States.
  • Government initiatives to support older workers are often poorly evaluated for effectiveness. As a result it is difficult to “learn from the best”.
  • Governments have not met an EU target set in 2001 to achieve 50% employment rate of older workers by 2010. Fewer than half (48.8%) of EU28 citizens aged 55-64 were in employment in 2012. Over the period 2002-2008, the average age of labour market withdrawal among the EU-28 had only increased by an estimated 1.3 years, from 60.1 to 61.4. Whilst the employment levels of older workers has increased over the past decade by 10% there is significant variation across Europe. Just 13% of Hungarians aged 60-64 were in work in 2010 compared to over 60% of Swedes.

Working Longer, An EU perspective analyses the situation across the EU and identifies examples of interventions from across Member States including:

  • Changes since 2006 in Sweden offer more favourable treatment for work related income than pension income.
  • Reforms in Croatia have meant that those who retire early are now subject to between a 0.15% and 0.34% loss every month in the value of their pension. In contrast, people who delay retirement are entitled to a 0.15% monthly increase in the value of their pension.
  • France has introduced a gradual retirement scheme, which allows workers to reduce their working hours on reaching 60 (62 in 2017) and receive a proportion of their pension in return.
  • A Portuguese New Opportunities Initiative gives preferential access for older people to lifelong learning.
  • The Finnish government has invested in the KESTO-program, which built up a database for research on extending working life.

After analysing the situation across the EU-28, the report explores seven challenges for the EU and Member States:

Achieving gender equality. In every EU Member State, the life expectancy of women is higher than that of men, by 5.9 years on average. Yet despite living longer across the EU, women participate less in the labour market and retire earlier.

Skilling up the older workforce. The current cohort of older workers in Europe have low levels of education and qualifications compared to younger groups.

Supporting older people in the recession. Across Europe, a relatively high proportion of unemployed 55-64 year olds have not worked for 12 months or more.

Matching demand and supply in the labour market. There has been inadequate focus on the extent to which Europe’s economy has been creating the right sort of jobs to meet the needs and wishes of the supply of older workers.

Tackling ageism. Negative attitudes towards older workers remain a significant cultural barrier across Europe.

Improving health. One of the biggest challenges facing the working longer agenda is poor health of older workers. However, our analysis has found relatively few initiatives by governments or employers to explicitly improve the health of older workers.

Recognising the diversity of the working experience. Policymakers need to take into account the fact that older workers across Europe are more likely than other ages to be self-employed, on open-ended contracts, or working part-time.

The report argues that European decision-makers and Member States should:

  • Take a life course approach
  • Make better use fiscal incentives
  • Create more, better and more appropriate jobs
  • Addressing inequalities
  • Deliver a targeted research agenda

David Sinclair, Assistant Director of Policy and Communications at ILC-UK said: “Europe’s economy is driven by the skills and talents of its people. As our society ages, it will therefore be increasingly important to make the most of the potential of older workers. Yet few European Governments have got to grips with the challenges of an older workforce. We must not however, pitch one generation against another. European policymakers must focus on tackling the barriers employability across the life course. Flexible working and opportunities for people of all ages to develop their skills are vital. We must tackle ageism whilst also offering older people the opportunity to retire gradually. Governments across Europe must better evaluate initiatives and share their successes with their colleagues”.

Speaking at the launch of the research, Pensions Minister, Steve Webb MP said:
There are more older people in work than ever before, despite difficult economic conditions.  Back in 2011 we took action so that older people were no longer discriminated against by abolishing the default retirement age.

I am determined that more employers will make the most of the talents and experience of older workers."


38 essays penned by high profile authors present a picture of our ageing society that is unprepared and in some instances unwilling to respond to the new female demographic dividend.  Many of the essays reveal that while women are living longer this does not necessarily imply a happier or healthier older life, with older women shown to be at greater risk of abuse, isolation and loneliness and poverty.

Baroness Greengross, Chief Executive of the ILC-UK said:

“International Women’s Day is a day for celebrating the achievements of women across the world and yet it also provides an opportunity for a ‘societal stocktake’. As our collection of essays clearly reveals, somewhere along the way we seem to have relegated older women to the second class seats in our fight for gender equality. Not only do we need to advance and empower dignity in older age, we also need to make sure we embrace and harness the significance and potential of our older female population.”

The essays show that while some women in their sixties, seventies and eighties may not think of themselves as old, many women of a certain age feel at best invisible and at worst considered a burden for the younger generation, with older woman’s contribution to society considered non-existent. Yet in fact older women are the social glue that binds our families and communities together, for example as carers, and yet none of this is seen as significant. Furthermore, older women can find themselves battling for the benefits that younger women take for granted.

As Jane Ashcroft, CEO of Anchor and Trustee of Silverline wrote in her essay:

“As a society and for ourselves, don’t we need to see every older woman as an individual and … improve visibility - instead of ‘Oh I didn’t see you there’ can we say ‘ah, I’ve been looking for you’?”

Sally-Marie Bamford, editor of the report and Assistant Director, Research and Strategy said:

“This collection of essays provides a marker for future change, it represents a united dissatisfaction with the status quo and as a result we will be launching an Older Women’s Policy and Research Action Alliance to drive this agenda forward.”

The compendium is available to download from The hashtag is #olderwomen

Today the International Longevity Centre-UK (ILC-UK) launches a pioneering snapshot of the life of older women in the UK and highlights how older women are still suffering from the legacy of a pension system designed historically around men and largely by men.
An intimate and revealing collection of essays penned by high profile authors entitled ‘Has the sisterhood forgotten older women?’ reveals the secret struggles and financial challenges for older women as they age.

Included within the 38 essays are contributions from Ros Altmann (Independent pensions expert and former Government policy adviser) and Anthony Thompson (Head of Public Affairs for Scottish Widows), both of whom highlight a ‘forgotten generation’ of older women who have found themselves in a pensions ‘black hole’.

Baroness Greengross, Chief Executive of the ILC-UK said:
“We are witnessing a generation of women who will be living out their later years in poverty through no fault of their own as a result of historic discrimination in the state and private pension arena. We need to make sure the next generation of women do not fall into the same trap.

While we welcome the proposed flat- rate state pension which should herald significant improvements for future generations of women, we need to make sure we repay the contribution older women made both in the public and private sphere and ensure they have financial security and dignity in later life.”

Ros Altmann, in her essay entitled ‘How older women lose out in the pensions arena’, urges women now to take responsibility for their own financial future and sets out her top tips for women to help provide for themselves in later life:

  • “Don't rely on a partner's pension - save for yourself.
  • If your partner is buying an annuity, make sure he knows the importance of selecting a joint life product that will keep paying to you after he dies.
  • Take your own financial planning advice, to help you assess your later life income prospects.
  • More women than men will need expensive social care so you may want to plan how you might pay for that if needed.”

In response to the essays and evidence submitted, ILC-UK will also be launching an Older Women’s Policy and Research Action Alliance to create a roadmap for future research and policy priorities.

The compendium is available to download from The hashtag is #olderwomen

ILC-UK's Rebecca Taylor has written a background paper for the OECD on policy reforms to support active and healthy ageing.

All OECD countries are experiencing unprecedented demographic change characterised by increasing longevity, a growing older population and falling birth rates. While significant differences remain between different OECD countries, the long term trends are similar and convergence looks likely to occur in the coming decadees. These demographic changes are leading to a lower old age dependency ratio (the ratio of working age to non-working age people), which presents challenges for the social solidarity and long-term sustainability of health, social care and pensions systems.

The paper outlines two philosophically different ways of approaching the challenge of demographic change. The first, which the paper calls the "zero sum approach" is to see it as a problem that requires today's working people to pay more and those drawing on social security systems to receive reduced benefits and to rely more on themselves. This approach risk intergenerational conflict as "productive" working people are asked to pay more to support the healthcare, social care and pensions of non-working people who may be perceived as having had an easier life.

The second way of looking at the problem is to take a life course approach. The life course approach sees demographic change as a challenge and an opportunity. Different generations do not compete for resources and all can play constructive albeit different roles in society. The life course approach believes that policy reform should be innovative and seek to support active and healthy ageing rather than simply increase contributions and cut benefits.

The paper looks at a number of innovative policy reforms in different OECD countries including health checks for the over 40s in the UK, Japan's long term care insurance system and the use of mobile phone technology to support older people or people with chronic diseases.

The report can be downloaded by following the link below:

Greater Longevity is a Call to Action for Governments, Industry, Global Institutions

NEW YORK (Jan. 26, 2011) – The Global Coalition on Aging announced its launch today as a pioneering new initiative to raise awareness and address the social and economic impact of global population aging. Founding members are AEGON, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Galderma, Intel, Johnson & Johnson, Novartis, Nutricia, Pfizer and Universal American Corp. Deloitte Consulting LLP is serving as an advisory member.

The Global Coalition on Aging will provide leadership, research and advocacy to help nations and industry advance sustainable solutions that address the unprecedented demographic transformation already underway. The Coalition is unique in its focus on aging’s impact on all aspects of life and society: the workplace, health and long-term financial security.

“The emergence of the Coalition is tremendously exciting and fills a critical need at a critical time,” said Dr. John Beard, Director of Ageing and Life Course for the World Health Organization. “It is unique, not just in the breadth of its interests in aging, but also in its philosophy that the best approach is for people to remain engaged and productive as they grow older. We look forward to working closely with the Coalition to press for change in the policy arena.”

The Coalition will foster a re-shaping of public policies to align to the new demographic realities. Over the next three years, the Coalition will roll out a strategic plan to drive social and policy changes in four key areas:

  • Education and work
  • Financial planning and security
  • Health and wellness
  • Technology, innovation and biomedical research

“We will share this plan with business, governments and other stakeholders who want to join us in this important new venture,” said Coalition Executive Director Michael Hodin. “We will advance innovative solutions to improve health and wellness, expand work opportunities, and provide ongoing education and financial planning to turn what could be a fiscal and political crisis into platforms for economic growth and intergenerational collaboration.”

It is estimated that there will be two billion people over the age of 60 by mid-century, and they will outnumber children for the first time in history. “These demographic realities call for far-reaching work, lifestyle, business and governmental changes,” said Nicholas Eberstadt, demographer and Henry Wendt Chair in Political Economy at the American Enterprise Institute. “We are still living with public policies and social infrastructures that were designed for a different time with different demographics.”

In the United States alone, the number of people over 65 will double from 40 million today to 89 million – one in every five Americans – by 2050. Similar shifts are underway across the globe, though the pace of change differs from country to country. Populations in Europe, Japan and South Korea are further along the aging curve, while countries like China and India, which have younger populations, will experience the aging phenomenon a generation or two later.

According to Baroness Sally Greengross, a Member of the UK House of Lords and President of the International Longevity Centre United Kingdom, the Coalition is making “a great contribution with its optimistic view of aging. These leading global companies are committed to helping this generation and the next live differently, more productively and with greater fulfillment for themselves and society, into their eighties and beyond.”

“As the longevity miracle shapes the 21st century, the Global Coalition on Aging is well positioned to draw upon the best corporate strategies, partner with stakeholders across society and work with governments and policymakers to promote pragmatic solutions,” Hodin said.


The Global Coalition on Aging aims to reshape how global leaders approach and prepare for the 21st century’s profound shift in population aging. The Coalition uniquely brings together global corporations across industry sectors with common strategic interests in aging populations, a comprehensive and systemic understanding of aging, and an optimistic view of its impact. Through research, public policy analysis, advocacy and communication, the Coalition will advance innovative solutions and work to ensure global aging is a path for fiscally sustainable economic growth, social value creation and wealth enhancement. The Coalition will operate along four pillars of health and wellness, education and work, financial planning and security, and technology and innovation to promote basic reforms to address the 21st century’s age-driven demographic realities. For more information, visit


New data analysis reveals the vast market for health apps – including the 760,000 ‘living fast, dying young’ under 40s who smoke, drink frequently, have a smart phone and regularly use the internet.

We are recruiting for a temporary Events Coordinator to coordinate and support our busy events calendar for the remainder of 2018, build on our external communications and assist the Head of External Affairs on communications around our Future of Ageing conference.

New international report explores the relationship between life expectancy and productivity in developed countries.

ILC-UK are once again looking for someone to speak for 10 minutes on the plenary platform in front of 250 people at our annual Future of Ageing Conference (29th November, London).

“Auto-enrolment has successfully led to millions more saving each month towards a pension, but the Committee is right to call for action to get people saving more. We are pleased they support our recommendations to consider automatic escalation of pension contributions for some individuals, and we agree that a strategy is needed to automatically-enrol the self-employed."

Dr Brian Beach, Senior Research Fellow at ILC-UK and who gave oral evidence to the Committee, welcomes the Committee’s call for stronger action by Government and EHRC and says it’s crucial that employers understand what ageism really is.