Our society is ageing, affecting many different areas and changing ways in which we work, save, support each other, where and how we live and how we approach planning for the future.
Each year ILC-UK publishes a 'Factpack' of statistics and analysis. In it we highlight important and significant trends in our changing demography and discuss what they mean to people in the UK. Click on the images below to view our Factpack from 2013 and 2014.
What people say about ILC-UK's publications and events:
“ILC-UK are policy and research experts on ageing and demographic change. They engage widely with decision makers and opinion formers and reach out beyond the usual suspects through their very popular events”
Lord Filkin, Chair, Centre for better Ageing.
“The ILC-UK is a true game changer where the longevity revolution is concerned. They do research of the highest order, translate their findings into meaningful policy documents and then get the policy changed through good sense and persistence. The UK is a better place thanks to the ILC”.
Jack Watters, Vice-President of External Medical Affairs, Pfizer.
ILC-UK will soon be publishing our first EU Factpack, mapping demographic changes across the European Union.
Taken from our 2014 Factpack, here are 10 important facts about our ageing population:
- The population in the UK is both growing and ageing. By 2037 it is expected that the number of people aged 65 and over will account for nearly 1 in 4 of our population.
- There has been, and continues to be, a significant increase in the ‘oldest old’ in the UK. In 1971, there were just 126,701 people aged over 90. By 2012 this had risen to 513,449; and by 2027 this number is predicted to rise to over 1 million
- For boys born between 2008 and 2010, healthy life expectancy is 63.5 years compared with a life expectancy of 78.1 years. For girls, healthy life expectancy is 65.7 years compared with life expectancy of 82.1. So while women on average live longer, they also are expected to live a greater proportion of their life in ill health.
- On average, around 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men aged 65 will enter a care home at some point in the future. The average cost in England for a residential home is £29,016 per annum, compared with £38,376 per annum for a nursing home.
- In 2011, over 10% of the population, 5.8 million people, in England and Wales were providing unpaid care. In terms of paid care, the adult social care sector in England will need to add approximately 1 million new workers by 2025 in response to our ageing population.
- Since the financial crisis the 50-64 age group has seen the most significant increase in numbers of people in employment since Q1 2007 of any age group – 903,000. For the first time in over 20 years, a higher proportion of 18-24 year olds are economically inactive than 50-64 year olds.
- To keep up with population growth in the future, ILC-UK predict we will need to build over 200,000 new homes per year from now until 2030. Meanwhile under occupancy is a growing problem – in 2011 there were over 1 million unoccupied household spaces in England and Wales, a 21% increase since 2001.
- The UK is 80% urbanised – however just over 75% of people aged 65+ live in rural areas. Rural areas are also ageing faster, with a projected increase of 29% compared to 20% in urban areas by 2021.
- Pensioner poverty is falling; since 1998/9 there has been a 13% fall in pensioners with relative low incomes. However whilst levels of pensioner poverty has decreased, poverty levels for households with working age adults and households with children have remained relatively stagnant. This could mean future older generations facing economic hardships.
- Adding to this potential increase in future pensioner poverty, the numbers saving into a pension have sharply decreased in the last decade – from over 5.5 million in 2000 to just 2.5 million in 2012.